Warming of the Indian Ocean and its Impact on Rainfall

The Indian Ocean is extremely important in modulating and regulating the climatic conditions over its rim countries. Many oceanic and atmospheric processes play a vital role in influencing rainfall, drought, cyclones, and other weather patterns, hence supporting diverse ecosystems as well as shaping the agricultural sectors in these countries. However, with the increases in seaContinue reading “Warming of the Indian Ocean and its Impact on Rainfall”

Understanding the Indian Ocean Dipole

The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), also referred to as the Indian Niño, is a seasonal climate index that is one of the most vital considerations in seasonal forecasting for the Indian Ocean’s rim countries. The IOD is caused by a variance in sea surface temperatures (SST) and rainfall between the western and eastern parts ofContinue reading “Understanding the Indian Ocean Dipole”

Cyclone Freddy – The Longest-Lived Cyclone that Traveled Across the Indian Ocean

Overview Cyclone Freddy was a record-breaking storm of exceptional length, intensity, and lethality, that caused devastating damage to countries across the entire Indian Ocean. The storm formed off the northwestern coast of Australia on February 3rd, 2023, making its first landfall on Madagascar’s eastern coast and then moving west to Mozambique in late February. ThisContinue reading “Cyclone Freddy – The Longest-Lived Cyclone that Traveled Across the Indian Ocean”

The Ulhas River Estuary Story

by Aneesh Parnerkar An ecological and visual nexus with huge and extremely important social explications, the Ulhas River and its estuary form the impetus of this research paper. The river, rising in Maharashtra’s Sahyadri Mountains, flows through Thane, Raigad, and Mumbai before draining into the Arabian Sea. The estuary of the river, located at theContinue reading “The Ulhas River Estuary Story”

The Declining Numbers of Olive Ridley Sea Turtles in Orissa

by Jainam S Jain A single Olive Ridley Sea Turtle can lay about 110–140 eggs, and reports indicate that just one out of every thousand hatchlings that enter the sea grows to full adulthood (Kumar et al 33). In recent years, the Orissa Olive Ridley population has experienced severe mortality with over ten thousand turtlesContinue reading “The Declining Numbers of Olive Ridley Sea Turtles in Orissa”

Gulf of Mannar, one of the world’s richest Marine Biodiversity

India and Sri Lanka are divided by the Gulf of Mannar, a small body of shallow water off the southern coast of India. Being one of the richest hotspots for marine biodiversity, it has an area of roughly 10,500 square kilometres and is home to a wide variety of marine life. Source: Drishti IAS TheContinue reading “Gulf of Mannar, one of the world’s richest Marine Biodiversity”

Arambol, the Sweet Water Lagoon by the Beach

Arambol is a small village located in the northernmost part of Goa, India. It is a beautiful beach town surrounded by greenery and breathtaking views. One of the main attractions of Arambol is the Sweet Water Lagoon. The lagoon is located near the beach and is a popular spot for tourists to visit. Source: ThrillophiliaContinue reading “Arambol, the Sweet Water Lagoon by the Beach”

Cyclones of Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal

by Rajshri Ravichandran One of the most dangerous weather phenomena are tropical cyclones. They are powerful rotating storms with maximum wind speeds reaching 119 kph and torrential rainfall that develop over warm tropical oceans. Furthermore, secondary phenomena like storm surges, flooding, landslides, and tornadoes cause far more harm to people and infrastructure than wind alone.Continue reading “Cyclones of Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal”

What Vegetation can be Found Along the Coast of the Arabian Sea?

The Arabian Sea, often referred to as Sindhu Sagar, is bordered to the west by the Cape of Africa and also the Arabian Peninsula, to the north by Pakistan and Iran, to the east by India, and to the south by the remaining Indian Ocean. The Arabian Sea is bordered by Konkan Coast in central India and theContinue reading “What Vegetation can be Found Along the Coast of the Arabian Sea?”

How does underwater noise affect marine life?

From a scientific perspective, there is little difference between the terms sounds and noise – essentially being pressure waves created by a vibrating object. In common parlance, however, noise translates into something that is not pleasing to the ear and is hence subjective. The frequency (periodic motion of the vibrating object) and intensity (energy carriedContinue reading “How does underwater noise affect marine life?”