The Indian landmass is a nation of varied geographical landscapes and different societies and cultures. But one important sphere of the country remains unnoticed, that is, the rich diverse oceans that encompass the peninsular country. Beneath these vast stretches of crystal clear water bodies lies the ancient remains of our ancestors and past civilizations of our planet. Recent excavations have discovered artistic broken pottery on the shores of the Indian ocean which are reported to belong to the Middle Eastern Abbasid caliphate and the Chinese Ming dynasty. These are some of the many instances that remind us of the world’s oldest long-distance trans-oceanic trading arena which is sometimes known as the cradle of globalization– the majestic Indian Ocean.
The cultural connections with the Indian Ocean are significantly ancient and they highlight the cosmopolitanism of the Indian ocean which fairly explains the wide range of cultures that inhabit our motherland. After colonization, these oceans were used extensively as a means of transport until the other advanced alternatives were discovered. Thus, these incredible oceans have constituted an important part of our economy and a comparatively convenient mode of travel in the past and continue to occupy a very important part of our country’s military and financial foundation.
The seafloor provides a beautiful view of the colorful biodiversity and rich deposits of various minerals that are necessary for a country’s progress. However, deep ocean studies have been limited in the Indian oceans due to economic constraints but few missions are being carried out resulting in path-breaking discoveries.
In times of rapid global warming and environmental degradation, studying the oceans has become important, especially the Indian oceans as they are warming faster than any other ocean leading to a faster rate of submerging of low-lying islands and hence endangering the habitation living there. Excessive industrial activity near the coasts, burdening the ocean-floor with deep-sea explorations, and many other hazardous activities are putting the future of our planet at risk, and hence, we require a change in the way the society behaves selfishly and the strict enaction of laws that regulate pollution caused by industries. And before we urge others to take immediate actions, we need to awaken ourselves and take effective steps to curb natural degradation and hence, secure the future of Mother Earth.